India Gate, Delhi
This picture shows India Gate in Delhi, built as a war memorial to the 82,000 soldier from the Indian army who died during the First World War.
Many thanks to Ken Creed for sending us these pictures, which were taken by his wife's uncle Terry Ruff during his time with No.357 Squadron, a special operations unit that operated over Burma, Malaya and Sumatra.
Gates of Delhi
In 1611, the European merchant William Finch  described Delhi as the city of seven castles (forts) and 52 gates. More gates were built after that period during the Mughal rule and during the British rule. Only 13 gates exist in good condition, while all others are in ruins or have been demolished. Like all gates denote, the direction of the destination station is the starting name of the gate.      
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Below the India Gate, lies a small shrine-like structure made up of black marble, which always has a fire burning in it. Amar Jawan Jyoti or the Flame of Immortal Soldier was constructed under the India Gate after the Indo-Pakistani war in the year 1971 to pay respect to all the soldiers who died in the Bangladesh Liberation War. It has a black cenotaph placed on the top of a marble pedestal. 'Amar Jawan' is scripted in gold on all the four sides of the cenotaph. On the top of the cenotaph, an inverted L1A1 self-loading rifle is placed with a helmet of a soldier. The marble pedestal is bound by four urns, one of which has a continuously burning flame. The memorial is guarded 24/7 by soldiers of Indian Army, Indian Navy and Air Force.
Situated at the banks of Yamuna river, Delhi, the capital of India, is a vibrant modern city with an ancient and eventful history. The city with its multi-faceted culture can aptly said to be a microcosm of the whole nation. Visit to the city offers a unique two-in-one experience as New Delhi with its wide roads and high rise buildings gives a feel of being in a contemporary city whereas a stroll down the streets of Old Delhi can easily take one to a bygone era with its narrow lanes and old 'havelis'. Delhi has thousands of historical monuments and places of religious importance.
India Gate, an important monument of the city, is a memorial built in commemoration of more than 80,000 Indian soldiers who were killed during World War I. The monument is an imposing 42 meters high arch and was designed by the famous architect Edwin Lutyens. India gate was earlier named All India War Memorial. The design of India gate is almost similar to its French counterpart war memorial, the Arc-de-Triomphe.
The building is made of red stone that rises in stages into a huge moulding. On top of the arch, INDIA is written on both sides. Names of over 70,000 Indian soldiers are inscribed on the walls of the monument in whose memory it is built. There is a shallow domed bowl at the top, which was intended to be filled with burning oil at special occasions.
At the base of the India gate there is another memorial, the Amar Jawan Jyoti that was added after independence. This eternal flame was lighted in commemoration of the unknown soldiers who laid their lives to serve this nation.
The lush green lawns, Children Park and the famous boat club around the place make it a perfect picnic spot. Cool evening breeze near the fountains of India gate attract hundreds of visitors daily. In the evenings, India gate is illuminated with number of lights around it that gives it a magnificent appeal. Standing near the base of the monument one can have a good view of the Rashtrapati Bhawan. The beautifully lit up monument provides a memorable background against the darkening sky. Even in daylight, the stretch between India Gate and the Rashtrapati Bhavan offers a splendid view.
Every year on 26 th January India gate stands witness to the Republic Day parade where latest advancements of defence technology is displayed. The parade is also a good platform to have a glimpse at the colourful and diverse cultural heritage of India as artists from all over the country perform on the occasion.
Statue [ edit | edit source ]
From its opening to the 1960s, the canopy opposite India Gate housed a fifty-foot tall statue of King George V. It is made of marble and is also designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. It features King George standing on top of a very tall pedestal wearing his Coronation Robes and the Imperial State Crown. On the pedestal is the Royal Coat of Arms and the words GEORGE V R I (R I Stand for Rex Imperator, Latin for King Emperor). Near the top is the emblem of British India, the Order of the Star of India. Originally King George held the British orb and sceptre, but some time after or during the statue's removal they were broken off. The Statue now stands in Coronation Park.
India Gate Delhi – Monument History
The India Gate is the symbol of the sacrifice of thousands of Indian soldiers in various wars between 1914 to 1921. It is a war memorial located astride the Rajpath, New Delhi, India. The Indian army participated in First World War and in various wars in France, Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli and in Third Anglo-Afghan War. To restore the peace in various countries around 70,000 Soldiers lost their lives. Even the British Officers also sacrificed their lives on the battlefield. So then the British Government in India wanted to build a war memorial in the memory of 70,000 soldiers of India.
Construction of The India Gate
In 1917 the Imperial War Graves Commission came to India which looks after the constructions of the war graves and memorials to soldiers who killed in the battlefields. The Memory was designed by famous architecture Sir Edwin Lutyens. As the war memorial, The India Gate was built with a beautiful architectural style of the triumphal arch. The arch was carved in the style of ‘the Arch of Constantine, in Rome and the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. There is a little bit similarity to the Gateway of India in Mumbai. The names of the soldiers, including some officers from the United Kingdom, was carved on the walls of the India Gate. The names are the inspiration for the present and future generation to do sacrifice everything for the sake of our Mother Land.
The thoughts came into existence and the foundation stone for the India Gate was laid on 10 February 1921. At the time of foundation ceremony then the Indian Viceroy said that, ‘The stirring tales of individual heroism will live forever in the annals of this country and that the memorial which was a tribute to the memory of heroes, known and unknown” and also said the future generations to endure hardships with similar fortitude and no less value”.
India Gate Delhi (Entry Fee, Timings, History, Built by, Images & Location)
India Gate Delhi Entry Fee
India Gate Delhi Phone
011 2464 7005
Quick India Gate Delhi Facts
- Type: War Memorial
- India Gate Opened on: February 12, 1931
- India Gate Height: 42 m
- Address: Rajpath, India Gate, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
- Architect of India Gate: Edwin Lutyens
- Formerly Called: Kingsway
- Location of India Gate: Rajpath
- Nearest Metro Station to India Gate: Central Secretariat
- Timings of India Gate: Open all day
- Entry Fee: Free
India Gate Delhi Timings
|Monday||12:00 am – 12:00 am|
|Tuesday||12:00 am – 12:00 am|
|Wedesday||12:00 am – 12:00 am|
|Thursday||12:00 am – 12:00 am|
|Friday||12:00 am – 12:00 am|
|Saturday||12:00 am – 12:00 am|
|Sunday||12:00 am – 12:00 am|
Note: India gate Boating timings are from 2 PM to 9 PM
Timings of light show at India Gate are from 7 PM to 9.30 PM
Rating: | 5 stars, of total 97 reviews
India Gate Delhi Address: Rajpath, India Gate , New Delhi , Delhi , 110001 , India
About India Gate
A popular monument in India, India Gate stands majestically, presenting an awe-inspiring sight. Formerly known as Kingsway, India Gate construction was completed in 1931. India Gate Delhi has been a symbol of sacrifice and dedication of India soldiers.
Designed by Edwin Lutyens, it was constructed in the honour of 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their life in the World War I. Also known as India War Memorial, it also has 13,516 names of Indian and British soldiers engraved on its arch and foundations. These soldiers lost their lives during the Afghan War of 1919.
Amar Jawan Jyoti, which is also an important part of India Gate, was built later as a tribute to Indian soldiers who laid down their lives in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.
With a height of 42 meters and impressive structure which is accompanied by the captivating surroundings, India Gate attracts hordes of visitors every day. The popularity of India Gate can be known from the fact that it is an integral part of every Delhi tour since bygone eras.
Located at the end of Rajpath, it has now become a popular recreational spot with choices of activities as varying as boating, sightseeing or relaxing. Making your visit to India Gate even better are the India Gate lawns which serve as perfect picnic spot for visitors. Many tourists can be seen relaxing and enjoying their time within the complex of India Gate.
There are also plans to construct a National War Memorial near the India Gate canopy along with a National War Museum close to the Princess Park. As per some, canopy near the India Gate, which was also designed by Edwin Lutyens, underwent a small change. A marble statue of King George V was kept under the roof of canopy. Later the statue was removed from here and moved to Coronation Park.
India Gate Quotes
Names of soldiers who scarified their lives for the country have been inscribed on India Gate. However, due to security reasons, reading the names is not possible. These names also included that of a female nurse of Territorial Force who lost her life in 1917.
Both the sides of India Gate arch are also carved with word INDIA which is bordered by MCMXIV 1914 on left and MCMXIX 1919 on the right. Below INDIA following Quote has been inscribed:
TO THE DEAD OF THE INDIAN ARMIES WHO FELL AND ARE HONOURED IN FRANCE AND FLANDERS MESOPOTAMIA AND PERSIA EAST AFRICA GALLIPOLI AND ELSEWHERE IN THE NEAR AND THE FAR-EAST AND IN SACRED MEMORY ALSO OF THOSE WHOSE NAMES ARE HERE RECORDED AND WHO FELL IN INDIA OR THE NORTH-WEST FRONTIER AND DURING THE THIRD AFGHAN WAR.
Importance of India Gate
The importance of India Gate is not only as a war monument, but more than that. It still holds high significance. Republic day at India Gate is one such activity that shows the prominence this structure holds in the country. It is visited by Indian President every year on the Republic Day, on 26th January.
President of India pays his homage to the Indian soldiers who fought for the country by placing a circlet at Amar Jawan Jyoti which is located under the India gate arch. It is then followed by the India gate Independence Day parade which moves towards the Rajpath. This splendid India gate parade is done by contingents, school children, folk dances, army weaponry, etc.
Image Gallery India Gate Delhi
History of India Gate
India Gate War Memorial was built as a work of the IWCG (Imperial War Graves). IWCG was created to build war memorials and graves for the soldiers who were killed during World War I. The foundation of this war memorial was placed in the year 1921 by the visiting Duke of Connaught.
It took around 10 years for the construction of Dilli India Gate. It was inaugurated in February 1931 by Viceroy Lord Irwin. This 42 meter high war memorial standing like an archway in the centre of a crossroad is representative of the sacrifices of the Indian soldiers.
It was built in the honour of around 90,000 soldiers who scarified themselves in WWI in various parts of the world like Mesopotamia, France, Persia, East Africa, Flanders, Gallipoli and other places. India Gate History shows that this war memorial is not associated only with the soldiers who lost their lives in World War I but also those who sacrificed themselves in North western Frontier in the 1919 Afghan war. Names of around 13,516 from Afghan War are also inscribed on the memorial.
In 1971, a new addition was made to India Gate Delhi. Amar Jawan Jyoti burning since the year 1971, honours the soldiers who laid down their lives while fight for the country during Indo-Pakistan War. It was inaugurated in 1972.
Architecture of India Gate, Delhi
A look of it is enough to explain the Biography of India gate. Its architectural style represents the essence of this war memorial. India Gate Delhi was constructed in the year 1931 while the foundation stone was laid out in 1921.
The founder of India Gate is Sir Edwin Lutyens, who designed this marvellous piece of architecture. Architectural style of India gate is often compared to the Gateway of India in Mumbai, Arch of Constantine of Rome and Arc De Triomphe of Paris.
The architectural style of India Gate is also similar to Cenotaph, in London which is free of any religious association hence one can see there are no religious or cultural ornamentation on this architecture. It is a secular war memorial.
The height of India Gate is 42 meters, standing on the eastern end of Rajpath. The stone used in India Gate is red Bharatpur stone. The war memorial stands on a base made up of this stone. It then rises into stages to its present structure. The entire complex of India Gate is in the shape of hexagon, covering an area of 306,000 sq. Meter. The complex is surrounded by lush green gardens.
Towards eastern side of India gate, around 150 meters away, is the 72 feet long canopy. Said to be inspired by the 6th century old pavilion from Mahabalipuram, this domed canopy is supported by four columns. Under the ceiling, there is a pedestal with GEORGE V R I inscribed on it. There used to be 50 foot tall marble statue of King George V under the canopy. In 1960, the statue was later removed and placed along with other British era statues in Coronation Park.
Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate
Amar Jawan Jyoti is a national monument which honours the brave soldiers of the country. After the 1971 India Pakistan War, also known as Bangladesh Liberation War, Amar Jawan Jyoti was built beneath the India Gate archway. It was built in the memory of soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the war.
Amar Jawan Jyoti which is also referred as the “Flame of the Immortal Soldiers” is a simple structure, with pedestal made up of black marble. On the marble stand, a reversed rifle has been placed which has a helmet on it. This rifle is surrounded by undying flames on all the four sides. On both the sides of the memorial, words “Amar Jawan” meaning immortal fighter, has been carved in gold.
As a tribute to all the soldiers, these eternal flames have been burning ever since its construction. Also known as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers Amar Jawan Jyoti was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi on the eve of Republic Day. Garlands are placed on the Amar Jawan Jyoti on Vijay Diwas, Infantry Day and Republic Day.
Boating at India Gate
Dilli India Gate is surrounded by refreshingly green lawns and shimmering waters of a lake. India Gate complex not only boasts of beautiful fountains, garden, canals but an exciting opportunity of boating as well. There is boat club which offers boating choices of pedal boats and row boats at reasonable prices.
The boating charges at India Gate is Rs.50 per person for a ride of 15 minutes while for a 30 minute boat ride, the charges are Rs.100 per person. It is open on all days of the week.
Although India gate boating timings are from 2 PM to 9 PM, boating at India Gate is especially popular in evenings when the weather is comparatively cooler. From couples to families, everyone can be seen enjoy a boat ride on the serene lake while having a mesmerising view of the majestic India Gate war memorial.
Children’s Park at India Gate
Another popular place adjacent to the India Gate Memorial is the Children Park. Spread over an area of around 10 acres of land, Children’s park at India Gate is an ideal place for families to visit. Beautiful landscapes, view of the India Gate memorial and a wide array of activities for Children make this a perfect place for everyone.
Along with aquarium, jungle book theatre, amphitheatre, hi-tech games and musical fountain, there is also a library inside the park with a minimal charge for membership. Opening timings of the library is from 11 AM to 5 PM on all days of the week, except on Sundays while the timings of Children’s Park is 10 AM to 8 PM. The entry to the park is free.
Light Show at India Gate, Delhi
India Gate Delhi is much more than a war memorial. Presenting an imposing architectural beauty, it captivates everyone. The sight is all the more alluring in evening when the memorial and the surrounding area is lit up with innumerable lights.
Light show at India Gate is something that one mustn’t miss when on a tour to Delhi. The view of India Gate glittering in lights which is enhanced by the nearby fountains adorned in colourful lights is breath-taking. Plan a visit in evening for a wonderful view of India gate Lighting. Timings of light show at India Gate are from 7 PM to 9.30 PM throughout the week.
Timings and Entry fee of India Gate
India Gate Memorial is open all day and night. It is opened every day for visitors. However, many visit this memorial during evenings when it is lit up in colourful lights. During evenings, especially on weekends, the complex is filled with hawkers and stalls and tourists who can be seen relaxing in the surrounding gardens. No entry fee is charged for visiting this war memorial.
How to reach India Gate
There are regular DTC buses to India Gate from all the major parts of Delhi. Another popular and faster way to reach India Gate in Delhi is via metro. Central Secretariat Metro Station on the yellow and violet line is the nearest metro station to India Gate. The station is only 2 km away from India Gate. From there, you can either take an auto-rickshaw or even walk down.
Other metro stations which are near India Gate are Barakhamba Road Metro Station and Pragati Maidan Metro Station on Blue Line. Both these are located at a distance of 3 km from India Gate and you can take an auto from these stations to reach the memorial.
The distance between Red Fort and India Gate is around 8 km which can be covered within 15 minutes of time.
Places to visit near India Gate
When visiting India Gate War Memorial, you can plan a visit to various other attractions of Delhi. As the war memorial is located in the central part of Delhi, it is possible for tourists to club two or three sightseeing places in one single visit. Some of the places to visit near India Gate are-
Things to do –
India Gate at night
You can easily witness many families especially during winters soaking the winter sun and going around for picnics near the garden area of India Gate.
Going on a stroll at Rajpath especially during early hours is itself a serene experience.
You can just stand and admire the beauty of India Gate as you can easily get lost in the marvellous combination of Indian and European architecture especially of that time. India Gate looks even more amazing during the evenings as it gets illuminated and also the sunrises and sunsets are something that one should not miss.
After all, the whole idea behind the establishment of this monument is paying your tribute to the martyred soldiers. Send out your prayers to these brave souls who fought till their last breath for their country’s bright future.
Entry Fee of India Gate: No Fee
Timings: All days of the week 24 hrs
How to reach India Gate?
The most comfortable option keeping in mind the heavy traffic on the streets of Delhi to reach India Gate is metro.
The nearest metro is the Central Secretariat Metro Station which falls on the yellow line. Other metro stations are Pragati Maidan, Race Course and Barakhamba.
You can easily opt for an auto rickshaw or a taxi from outside the metro station to reach India Gate.
Want to know more about what to do in Delhi then check these out- Must See places in Delhi , Red Fort and Best Street Shopping places in Delhi
Tourist Attractions in India Gate
The gate holds an inscription of 13,300 names of Indian soldiers, service men and UK officials. Later in 1971, a small structure made of black marble with a reversed rifle holding a war helmet on top was built under the arch. This structure is called Amar Jawan Jyoti.
The gate is 42 meter tall standing on a basement made of Bharatpur red stone. A shallow dome is open on the top of the wall, which was used to light the gate with burning oil.
A few meters away from the gate, you can find a canopy, which was built, similar to the pavilion of Mahabalipuram. This canopy stands as a memory to King George V who ruled India in the past.
A marble statue of the king in his royal robes and wearing the Imperial crown was inaugurated in the canopy and it was removed later.
India-gate. The grand and impressive India gate is situated in the heart of the city New Delhi. Located on the eastern part of Rajpath, this was built as a mark of respect to the soldiers killed in World War I and the third Anglo Afghan war. Names of British and Indian soldiers have been engraved on the monument as a mark of respect.
Located at the centre of New Delhi, India gate is not only a historical monument but also a relaxing place for locals. Tourists throng to this place and enjoy the road side eateries and the long walking stretch between Rastrapathi Bhavan and India gate along with the beautiful lawns surrounding the monument. A 42 metre tall India gate was designed by Edwin Lutyens. Like the Cenetoph in London the All India war memorial is free from any religious tag. It is built in red sand stone which rises into a shallow dome.
The foundation stone was laid way back in the year 1921 by the then visiting Duke of Connaught in a military ceremony which was attended by Indian army and imperial service troops. The commander in chief and the viceroy lord Chelmsford also attended the ceremony. The ceremony honoured the many with the title ‘royal’ for their distinguished services rendered during the world war. Some of those who were honoured are the Deccan Horse, 6 th Jat light infantry, 36 Rifles,59 th Scinde Rifles, 5ht Gurkha Rifles and 3 rd scrappers and miners. In 1931 it was inaugurated by Lord Irwin. Every year republic day parade which starts from Rashtrapati Bhavan passes along Raj Path and ends at India gate. The Prime Minister of India, the President of India and heads of three armed forces (Army/ Navy and Air Force) pays respect at the departed soldiers at the India gate on the eve of Republic Day.
India gate is a best place for Delhiites to spend some leisure time in the evenings. It is also known as ‘All India war memorial’.